Publicaciones de la categoría: Refuerzo en enseñanza primaria, segundaria, bachillerato en granollers

Countables and Uncountables

Today, we will study Countables and Uncountables 


Things we cannot count have no indefinite article , and  usually no plural .

e.g 
Ink / water / wood / darkness / butter / cheese / drink / grass  / coffee / sand / rain / air

Remember that only some countables take “a “ or “ an   .Indefinite Articles

e.g     words beginning with consonat:

A dog         a potato     a student     a chair

A pen         a cow          a fish            a room

Words beginning with vowels :

An Englishman    an engine   an eye    an elephant

An Australian       an egg    an apple     an orphan

So, Uncountable nouns , and  countables in the plural are preceded by SomeWhen “ a certain quantity, or number “ is implied.
e,g :
Bread is good for us
it means : all bread, in general.

Give me some bread.
It means: a certain quantity

 “ a or anis used for any one example of a countable noun. The plural of this is some

Somemeans an unknown number of that noun.
E,g:
I
have a  red book; I buy some black books

There is / there areintroduced this idea instead of the simple verb to be.

e.g:  There is a broken chair in the corner of the room.

There were some books on this table yesterday.

There  will be a pinic in the forest next Friday.

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

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Countables and Uncountables

Today, we will study Countables and Uncountables 


Things we cannot count have no indefinite article , and  usually no plural .

e.g 
Ink / water / wood / darkness / butter / cheese / drink / grass  / coffee / sand / rain / air

Remember that only some countables take “a “ or “ an   .Indefinite Articles

e.g     words beginning with consonat:

A dog         a potato     a student     a chair

A pen         a cow          a fish            a room

Words beginning with vowels :

An Englishman    an engine   an eye    an elephant

An Australian       an egg    an apple     an orphan

So, Uncountable nouns , and  countables in the plural are preceded by SomeWhen “ a certain quantity, or number “ is implied.
e,g :
Bread is good for us
it means : all bread, in general.

Give me some bread.
It means: a certain quantity

 “ a or anis used for any one example of a countable noun. The plural of this is some

Somemeans an unknown number of that noun.
E,g:
I
have a  red book; I buy some black books

There is / there areintroduced this idea instead of the simple verb to be.

e.g:  There is a broken chair in the corner of the room.

There were some books on this table yesterday.

There  will be a pinic in the forest next Friday.

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Anomalous Finites “

“Anomalous 
Are called sometimes : Auxiliary verbs, special finites or  modal auxiliaries .
First year students should be acquainted with the following :
Be, have , do , did, can, couldmust, shall, will
Second  year students should be acquainted with the following :
 should, would, may , might, ought to,
daren’t, needn’t, had better, would rather
 Have  conjugated without “ do “
 In American English  “have normally takes “ do “ for all its uses except Perfect tenses.
A)When meaning to  possessor ownan object or a characteristic.
e.g:
My mother hasn’t any car
A circle hasn’t any corners

“Anomalous — Have  “
Have  conjugated with “ do “
B) Causative    
e.g:
My mother didn’t have it mended
 We didn’t have the car washed 
Have  conjugated with “ do “
c) Meaning  to  “experience   
e.g:
My mother did have a good time last night
 We didn’t have trouble to find it.
Have to   conjugated without or  with “ do “ replacingMust
D) Meaning  to  “Must “   
e.g:
     Have you to study  hard?
    Do you have to study hard
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 

“Anomalous Finites “

“Anomalous 
Are called sometimes : Auxiliary verbs, special finites or  modal auxiliaries .
First year students should be acquainted with the following :
Be, have , do , did, can, couldmust, shall, will
Second  year students should be acquainted with the following :
 should, would, may , might, ought to,
daren’t, needn’t, had better, would rather
 Have  conjugated without “ do “
 In American English  “have normally takes “ do “ for all its uses except Perfect tenses.
A)When meaning to  possessor ownan object or a characteristic.
e.g:
My mother hasn’t any car
A circle hasn’t any corners

“Anomalous — Have  “
Have  conjugated with “ do “
B) Causative    
e.g:
My mother didn’t have it mended
 We didn’t have the car washed 
Have  conjugated with “ do “
c) Meaning  to  “experience   
e.g:
My mother did have a good time last night
 We didn’t have trouble to find it.
Have to   conjugated without or  with “ do “ replacingMust
D) Meaning  to  “Must “   
e.g:
     Have you to study  hard?
    Do you have to study hard
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 

“Anomalous Finites “

“Anomalous 
Are called sometimes : Auxiliary verbs, special finites or  modal auxiliaries .
First year students should be acquainted with the following :
Be, have , do , did, can, couldmust, shall, will
Second  year students should be acquainted with the following :
 should, would, may , might, ought to,
daren’t, needn’t, had better, would rather
 Have  conjugated without “ do “
 In American English  “have normally takes “ do “ for all its uses except Perfect tenses.
A)When meaning to  possessor ownan object or a characteristic.
e.g:
My mother hasn’t any car
A circle hasn’t any corners

“Anomalous — Have  “
Have  conjugated with “ do “
B) Causative    
e.g:
My mother didn’t have it mended
 We didn’t have the car washed 
Have  conjugated with “ do “
c) Meaning  to  “experience   
e.g:
My mother did have a good time last night
 We didn’t have trouble to find it.
Have to   conjugated without or  with “ do “ replacingMust
D) Meaning  to  “Must “   
e.g:
     Have you to study  hard?
    Do you have to study hard
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 

THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE

READING: THE TORN HAT  “
Look at my hat ; It is torn. It is an old hat . I have a new at home, but this is an old one. I am not living in the city. I am living in the country. My parents are  in the country too. We live in the country.
In the city there are many houses ; the air is not pure. In the country there are many trees ; the air is very pure. I like the country very much. I like to live in the country.
We live near a small village. There is a school in that village. I go every day to school with my sisters and my little brother. The school is not far from our house.
I have many classmates and many friends. All my classmates are my friends. All my schoolmates are my friends.

THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE 
The present participle of all the verbs is formed by adding ( ING ) TO the root of the verb. E.g
To read  — reading          to speak –speaking
To study  – studying            to  listen  –listening
To say —– saying                 to run  — running
To   look  —– looking         to give  —— giving
So: “NOUNS
NOUNS  is the name of anything like  the names of persons, things and animals 
e.g  ,  
Names of persons :   Mario , Maria , Laia
Names of things  :    Pencil, table, ruler
Names of  animals :  Dog, elephant, cat
The gender of the nouns are two : SINGULAR and PLURAL
Pencil      ( singular )
Pencils    ( Plural
Most nouns form their plural by adding an “ S “ to the singular
Pencil   —–  pencils
 VERBS ENDING “y”
However, when a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed before the ending s is added. 
Bare Infinitive    Third Person Singular
Say                                   says
Enjoy                              enjoys
Buy                                   buys

TONGUE TWISTER
Betty bought butter but the butter was bitter, so Betty bought better butter to make the bitter butter better.
_______________________ 
A box of mixed biscuits, a mixed biscuit box.

PRONUNCIATION
Short   “  A “ —THIS “ A “ HAS A MIDDEL SOUND BETWEEN “ A   y la E “  IN SPANISH. POHNETIC SYMBOL ( æ ) 
bat                    can                    am                  at                    man                  rat                  cat                   bad                   bag                   sat                   hand                than
had                     cap                   ham                back               stand               sand                  hat                    fan                   map                 glad                  lamp               damp
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.




THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE

READING: THE TORN HAT  “
Look at my hat ; It is torn. It is an old hat . I have a new at home, but this is an old one. I am not living in the city. I am living in the country. My parents are  in the country too. We live in the country.
In the city there are many houses ; the air is not pure. In the country there are many trees ; the air is very pure. I like the country very much. I like to live in the country.
We live near a small village. There is a school in that village. I go every day to school with my sisters and my little brother. The school is not far from our house.
I have many classmates and many friends. All my classmates are my friends. All my schoolmates are my friends.

THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE 
The present participle of all the verbs is formed by adding ( ING ) TO the root of the verb. E.g
To read  — reading          to speak –speaking
To study  – studying            to  listen  –listening
To say —– saying                 to run  — running
To   look  —– looking         to give  —— giving
So: “NOUNS
NOUNS  is the name of anything like  the names of persons, things and animals 
e.g  ,  
Names of persons :   Mario , Maria , Laia
Names of things  :    Pencil, table, ruler
Names of  animals :  Dog, elephant, cat
The gender of the nouns are two : SINGULAR and PLURAL
Pencil      ( singular )
Pencils    ( Plural
Most nouns form their plural by adding an “ S “ to the singular
Pencil   —–  pencils
 VERBS ENDING “y”
However, when a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed before the ending s is added. 
Bare Infinitive    Third Person Singular
Say                                   says
Enjoy                              enjoys
Buy                                   buys

TONGUE TWISTER
Betty bought butter but the butter was bitter, so Betty bought better butter to make the bitter butter better.
_______________________ 
A box of mixed biscuits, a mixed biscuit box.

PRONUNCIATION
Short   “  A “ —THIS “ A “ HAS A MIDDEL SOUND BETWEEN “ A   y la E “  IN SPANISH. POHNETIC SYMBOL ( æ ) 
bat                    can                    am                  at                    man                  rat                  cat                   bad                   bag                   sat                   hand                than
had                     cap                   ham                back               stand               sand                  hat                    fan                   map                 glad                  lamp               damp
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.