Publicaciones de la categoría: preparación exámenes de cambridge esol

Conditional and Unreal Past

Today, we will study Conditional and Unreal  Past  

   In English we can express three important ideas with if
1- Likely or Probable

2- Unlikely or improbable

3- Impossible

So: Likely or probable 

Main clauseFuture ;  if …. Present   .
e.G
He will come if  you call him.
It means : something will happen if a certain  condition is fullfilled.

***Like clauses begining with Whenas soon as “, etc. “ Ifclausesalso have  no “ shall / will / would / shouldin them.

So: Unlikely or improbable 




Main clauseConditional ;  if …. Past   .

e.G

He would  come if  you called him.

It means : The probable result of a  certain  condition that we suppose  or imagen .

*** The “ ifclause “ is not taking place at this moment , but I can imagine the probable result. We inlude here all the Unreal Ifs “, Like:

If you were a fish, the cat wouldn’t  eat you.

So: “Impossible  

Main clauseConditional  perfect ;  if …. Past  perfect   .

e.G

He would  have come if  you  had called him.

It means :  He didn’t come ! Why ? Because you didn’t call him. .

*** All number three types are impossible  ideas, because we know  the condition was not fullfilled , but  we like to imagen the result  if ……….

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

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Conditional and Unreal Past

Today, we will study Conditional and Unreal  Past  

   In English we can express three important ideas with if
1- Likely or Probable

2- Unlikely or improbable

3- Impossible

So: Likely or probable 

Main clauseFuture ;  if …. Present   .
e.G
He will come if  you call him.
It means : something will happen if a certain  condition is fullfilled.

***Like clauses begining with Whenas soon as “, etc. “ Ifclausesalso have  no “ shall / will / would / shouldin them.

So: Unlikely or improbable 




Main clauseConditional ;  if …. Past   .

e.G

He would  come if  you called him.

It means : The probable result of a  certain  condition that we suppose  or imagen .

*** The “ ifclause “ is not taking place at this moment , but I can imagine the probable result. We inlude here all the Unreal Ifs “, Like:

If you were a fish, the cat wouldn’t  eat you.

So: “Impossible  

Main clauseConditional  perfect ;  if …. Past  perfect   .

e.G

He would  have come if  you  had called him.

It means :  He didn’t come ! Why ? Because you didn’t call him. .

*** All number three types are impossible  ideas, because we know  the condition was not fullfilled , but  we like to imagen the result  if ……….

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

Conditional and Unreal Past

Today, we will study Conditional and Unreal  Past  

   In English we can express three important ideas with if
1- Likely or Probable

2- Unlikely or improbable

3- Impossible

So: Likely or probable 

Main clauseFuture ;  if …. Present   .
e.G
He will come if  you call him.
It means : something will happen if a certain  condition is fullfilled.

***Like clauses begining with Whenas soon as “, etc. “ Ifclausesalso have  no “ shall / will / would / shouldin them.

So: Unlikely or improbable 




Main clauseConditional ;  if …. Past   .

e.G

He would  come if  you called him.

It means : The probable result of a  certain  condition that we suppose  or imagen .

*** The “ ifclause “ is not taking place at this moment , but I can imagine the probable result. We inlude here all the Unreal Ifs “, Like:

If you were a fish, the cat wouldn’t  eat you.

So: “Impossible  

Main clauseConditional  perfect ;  if …. Past  perfect   .

e.G

He would  have come if  you  had called him.

It means :  He didn’t come ! Why ? Because you didn’t call him. .

*** All number three types are impossible  ideas, because we know  the condition was not fullfilled , but  we like to imagen the result  if ……….

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Suffixes “

“Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
A suffix: is one or two more syllables palced  after  a root word to form a new word .
root            suffixes             new word
 appear    +     ance         =    appearance         
 adjust    +     ment        =     adjustment       
 arrange  +    ment       =      arrangement
Friend      +   ship          =    friendship

Noun suffixes Than Mean” One Who Does Something “ 
root         Example              Meaning
 –ant       commandant    one who commands
  
 –eer        auctioneer        one who auctions 
er        photographer  one who takes photos
ist        geolgist   one who studies in geology
ician  magician    one who performs magic


Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ance         vigilance
 –ence         independence  
ation         imagination
ition          condition
dom           freedom
hood          womanhood
-ice               cowardice

Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ism           realism
 –ment        encouragement  
ness           kindness
ship            friendship
tude            solitude
Ty               frailty
ity               ability

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Suffixes “

“Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
A suffix: is one or two more syllables palced  after  a root word to form a new word .
root            suffixes             new word
 appear    +     ance         =    appearance         
 adjust    +     ment        =     adjustment       
 arrange  +    ment       =      arrangement
Friend      +   ship          =    friendship

Noun suffixes Than Mean” One Who Does Something “ 
root         Example              Meaning
 –ant       commandant    one who commands
  
 –eer        auctioneer        one who auctions 
er        photographer  one who takes photos
ist        geolgist   one who studies in geology
ician  magician    one who performs magic


Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ance         vigilance
 –ence         independence  
ation         imagination
ition          condition
dom           freedom
hood          womanhood
-ice               cowardice

Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ism           realism
 –ment        encouragement  
ness           kindness
ship            friendship
tude            solitude
Ty               frailty
ity               ability

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Suffixes “

“Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
A suffix: is one or two more syllables palced  after  a root word to form a new word .
root            suffixes             new word
 appear    +     ance         =    appearance         
 adjust    +     ment        =     adjustment       
 arrange  +    ment       =      arrangement
Friend      +   ship          =    friendship

Noun suffixes Than Mean” One Who Does Something “ 
root         Example              Meaning
 –ant       commandant    one who commands
  
 –eer        auctioneer        one who auctions 
er        photographer  one who takes photos
ist        geolgist   one who studies in geology
ician  magician    one who performs magic


Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ance         vigilance
 –ence         independence  
ation         imagination
ition          condition
dom           freedom
hood          womanhood
-ice               cowardice

Noun suffixes That Make  Abstract Words  
root            Meaning
 –ism           realism
 –ment        encouragement  
ness           kindness
ship            friendship
tude            solitude
Ty               frailty
ity               ability

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reognize and to use prefixes.
A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root
Prefix         root                   new word
Dis          +   appear     =          disappear
Re            +  appear     =          reappear
Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Prefixes Having More Than One  Meaning
Dis         
in-    ir –  il –   im–  
pro-
re-
 super
trans– 
 un-

“Prefixes “  — ( DIS )

Prefix                  Meaning            Example 
         
 1.  dis                     Opposite of          distrust      
It means : the opposite of trust

2. dis                          Depriving of       dispirit     
It means : to deprive of cheerful spirits

 3.Dis                             Away  –           dispacth                      


it means : to send off o away                     
 
 

 “Prefixes “  — ( in / ir / il / im )

Meaning            Example          
 1. not                  incomplete / not complete
                             impossible / not possible
                              irregular /  not regular
2. In, Into          investigate  / to look into              
 3. Very            illustrious / shining brightly / famous  
 
“Prefixes “  — (  Pro)
 Meaning                 Example          
 1. In favor of         procapitalism/
                                 in favor of  capitalism
                             
2. Forward, ahead        propel /
                                            to push forward    

          
 “Prefixes “  — (  Re)
Meaning                 Example          
 1. Again                  preplant /
                                 to plant again
                             
2. Back                      Repay  /
                                     to pay back      


“Prefixes “  — (  Super )    

  Meaning                                Example          
 1. Over and above               superman /
                                                   more than human
                             
2. Very large                       supertank   /
                                                 very large tank  
              
    
 “Prefixes “  — (  Trans )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. across                transatlantic /
                                   across the atlantic 
                             
2. Beyond                     transnational    /
                            beyond national boundaries     
           
    
“Prefixes “  — (  Un )

 Meaning                                Example          
 1. not                           unafraid  /
                                       not afraid  
                             
2. The opposite of                untie /
                                             the opposite of tie

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.   


“Rules of irregular Verbs “

The past tense form is used alone ( finite verb ). 
Group . 2 – the irregular verbs are those  that have  a different form   in the past as in the present.
Present                                   Past
Bring                               Brought
Catch                              caught
Dive                                 Dove
Fight                               fought
Flee                                 Fled
Fling                               flung
Get                                   got
Lead                                led
Lose                                lost
Say                                 said
Shine                            shone
Sit                                  sat
Sting                           stung
Swing                         swung



THE AUXILIARY VERB “ TO DO “ in the past
in all the persons
  I / YOU / WE / THEY       Did
In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT   Did 

 PRONUNCIATION
The diphthongs , / OU  /  are very irregular
In the following is pronounced /  Ʌ /
   Cousin            trouble            rough           couple               courtesy       Double             young              country          courage          flourish
In the following is pronounced /  O /
Bought      brought      fought       ought       sought    thought
In cough  , ou  is equivalent to / Ʌ /   __/ KɅf /

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.