Publicaciones de la categoría: pet examen preparation en granollers

PREFIXES – ONE WAY TO INCREASE YOUR VOCABULARY

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use prefixes.

A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root

Prefix         root                   new word

Dis          +   appear     =          disappear

Re            +  appear     =          reappear

Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Some prefixes have a single, unchanging meaning.

Prefixes Having a Single Meaning

Prefix                Meaning                Example

Bene-                  good                       benefit

Circum             around               circumscribe

Equi                   equal                     equidisntat

Extra-                  outside          extracurricular

Intra                   within             intrastate

Intro                  into                  intospect




Prefix                Meaning                Example

Mal –                   bad                       maltreat

Mis-                    wrong                   misspell

Non –                    not                      nonworking  

Pre –                    before                  predawn

Sub –          under or below              subzero

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

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CONTIONAL AND UNREAL PAST

Today, we will study Conditional and Unreal  Past  

   In English we can express three important ideas with if
1- Likely or Probable

2- Unlikely or improbable

3- Impossible

So: Likely or probable 

Main clauseFuture ;  if …. Present   .
e.G
He will come if  you call him.
It means : something will happen if a certain  condition is fullfilled.

***Like clauses begining with Whenas soon as “, etc. “ Ifclausesalso have  no “ shall / will / would / shouldin them.

So: Unlikely or improbable 




Main clauseConditional ;  if …. Past   .

e.G

He would  come if  you called him.

It means : The probable result of a  certain  condition that we suppose  or imagen .

*** The “ ifclause “ is not taking place at this moment , but I can imagine the probable result. We inlude here all the Unreal Ifs “, Like:

If you were a fish, the cat wouldn’t  eat you.

So: “Impossible  

Main clauseConditional  perfect ;  if …. Past  perfect   .

e.G

He would  have come if  you  had called him.

It means :  He didn’t come ! Why ? Because you didn’t call him. .

*** All number three types are impossible  ideas, because we know  the condition was not fullfilled , but  we like to imagen the result  if ……….

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.

COUNTABLES AND UNCOUNTABLES

Today, we will study Countables and Uncountables  “


Things we cannot count have no indefinite article , and  usually no plural .

e.g 
Ink / water / wood / darkness / butter / cheese / drink / grass  / coffee / sand / rain / air

Remember that only some countables take “a “ or “ an “  .Indefinite Articles

e.g     words beginning with consonat:

A dog         a potato     a student     a chair

A pen         a cow          a fish            a room

Words beginning with vowels :

An Englishman    an engine   an eye    an elephant

An Australian       an egg    an apple     an orphan

So, Uncountable nouns , and  countables in the plural are preceded by SomeWhen “ a certain quantity, or number “ is implied.
e,g :
Bread is good for us
it means : all bread, in general.

Give me some bread.
It means: a certain quantity

 “ a or anis used for any one example of a countable noun. The plural of this is some

Somemeans an unknown number of that noun.
E,g:
I
have a  red book; I buy some black books

There is / there areintroduced this idea instead of the simple verb to be.

e.gThere is a broken chair in the corner of the room.

There were some books on this table yesterday.

There  will be a pinic in the forest next Friday.

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

DIFFERENT BETWEEN LIKE AND AS

Today, we will studyThe different betweenLike “ and “ As “

“ AS “ is a preposition, it meansin the capacity of  or role of “

e.G

As your lawyer I advise you to wait

We need people to act as guides

 So: “ AS “Prepositional  Phrasal   

after  the object of certains verbs , including :

Accept  as              to acknowledge as       to claim as
To characterise as    to class as           to count as  
To define as            to describe as               to intend as
To look on as        to recognise as           to  regard as

To see as                 to treat as                         to use  as

 
  e.g .
At one time we regarded emigration as our only solution
It means : we thought emigration was our only solution.
I often have to use a knife as a screwdriver.
So:  Likemeans :” similar to “ or “ in the manner of “
e.g  Tom sings like his father 
It means : He sings in a similar way.
She is quite like her sister
It means: she is quite similar to her sister.
“As “ – Subordinator 
.correspond to preposition Like, it means “ in a way similar to “
e.G :
Tom sings as his father
It means : He sings in a way similar to his father does
Mrs. Lupe spoke as an actress speaks.It means : She spoke in a way similiar to an actress does
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.
It means : I use a knife to do the job of a screwdriver.

FUTURE AND FUTURE PERFECT

Today, we will study Future and Future perfect  “

  The grammarbook rules for Shalland Will are already antiquated; even the increasingly  popular  use of Going to “ sounds out of place sometimes, althought wishful thinking has tried to make it  the solution to all problems.

Two golden rules :

1 – Beware of the innocent-looking going to “ form

2- When in doubt usewill”.

So: “Going to “

   As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With persons : has meaning of intention or certainty

e.G
He’s going to give me a new one tomorrow.
So you are off to China, are you ? Well , you are going to see some queer things there.

So: “Going to “

As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With things : has meaning of probability or inevitability  in the mind of the speaker.

e.G

Look out ! The tram is going to overturn.
What’s going to happen next ?

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Shall “ in the First Person Singular and Plural

I shall             —        We   shall

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Will “ in others person , Singular and Plural

HE /She / it    will       — singular

 You / they     will       — Plural

 The purest futures are the least personal ones, especially when the future action is made to depend upon some external factor, as with If “  or Whenclauses

Except  in questions , the Willformis very commonly heard for all persons.

So: “Pure future

I shall  know about him from his next letter

We   shall  stay here till you come back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
 

So: “Pure future

HE  will  know about her from her next letter

You  will  stay here till he  comes back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

The different between “ Like “ and “ As “

Today, we will studyThe different betweenLike “ and “ As “

“ AS “ is a preposition, it meansin the capacity of  or role of “

e.G

As your lawyer I advise you to wait

We need people to act as guides

 So: “ AS “Prepositional  Phrasal   

after  the object of certains verbs , including :

Accept  as              to acknowledge as       to claim as
To characterise as    to class as           to count as  
To define as            to describe as               to intend as
To look on as        to recognise as           to  regard as

To see as                 to treat as                         to use  as

 
  e.g .
At one time we regarded emigration as our only solution
It means : we thought emigration was our only solution.
I often have to use a knife as a screwdriver.
So:  Likemeans :” similar to “ or “ in the manner of “
e.g  Tom sings like his father 
It means : He sings in a similar way.
She is quite like her sister
It means: she is quite similar to her sister.
“As “ – Subordinator 
.correspond to preposition Like, it means “ in a way similar to “
e.G :
Tom sings as his father
It means : He sings in a way similar to his father does
Mrs. Lupe spoke as an actress speaks.It means : She spoke in a way similiar to an actress does
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.
It means : I use a knife to do the job of a screwdriver.

The different between “ Like “ and “ As “

Today, we will studyThe different betweenLike “ and “ As “

“ AS “ is a preposition, it meansin the capacity of  or role of “

e.G

As your lawyer I advise you to wait

We need people to act as guides

 So: “ AS “Prepositional  Phrasal   

after  the object of certains verbs , including :

Accept  as              to acknowledge as       to claim as
To characterise as    to class as           to count as  
To define as            to describe as               to intend as
To look on as        to recognise as           to  regard as

To see as                 to treat as                         to use  as

 
  e.g .
At one time we regarded emigration as our only solution
It means : we thought emigration was our only solution.
I often have to use a knife as a screwdriver.
So:  Likemeans :” similar to “ or “ in the manner of “
e.g  Tom sings like his father 
It means : He sings in a similar way.
She is quite like her sister
It means: she is quite similar to her sister.
“As “ – Subordinator 
.correspond to preposition Like, it means “ in a way similar to “
e.G :
Tom sings as his father
It means : He sings in a way similar to his father does
Mrs. Lupe spoke as an actress speaks.It means : She spoke in a way similiar to an actress does
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.
It means : I use a knife to do the job of a screwdriver.

The different between “ Like “ and “ As “

Today, we will studyThe different betweenLike “ and “ As “

“ AS “ is a preposition, it meansin the capacity of  or role of “

e.G

As your lawyer I advise you to wait

We need people to act as guides

 So: “ AS “Prepositional  Phrasal   

after  the object of certains verbs , including :

Accept  as              to acknowledge as       to claim as
To characterise as    to class as           to count as  
To define as            to describe as               to intend as
To look on as        to recognise as           to  regard as

To see as                 to treat as                         to use  as

 
  e.g .
At one time we regarded emigration as our only solution
It means : we thought emigration was our only solution.
I often have to use a knife as a screwdriver.
So:  Likemeans :” similar to “ or “ in the manner of “
e.g  Tom sings like his father 
It means : He sings in a similar way.
She is quite like her sister
It means: she is quite similar to her sister.
“As “ – Subordinator 
.correspond to preposition Like, it means “ in a way similar to “
e.G :
Tom sings as his father
It means : He sings in a way similar to his father does
Mrs. Lupe spoke as an actress speaks.It means : She spoke in a way similiar to an actress does
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :
See ya.
It means : I use a knife to do the job of a screwdriver.

Countables and Uncountables

Today, we will study Countables and Uncountables 


Things we cannot count have no indefinite article , and  usually no plural .

e.g 
Ink / water / wood / darkness / butter / cheese / drink / grass  / coffee / sand / rain / air

Remember that only some countables take “a “ or “ an   .Indefinite Articles

e.g     words beginning with consonat:

A dog         a potato     a student     a chair

A pen         a cow          a fish            a room

Words beginning with vowels :

An Englishman    an engine   an eye    an elephant

An Australian       an egg    an apple     an orphan

So, Uncountable nouns , and  countables in the plural are preceded by SomeWhen “ a certain quantity, or number “ is implied.
e,g :
Bread is good for us
it means : all bread, in general.

Give me some bread.
It means: a certain quantity

 “ a or anis used for any one example of a countable noun. The plural of this is some

Somemeans an unknown number of that noun.
E,g:
I
have a  red book; I buy some black books

There is / there areintroduced this idea instead of the simple verb to be.

e.g:  There is a broken chair in the corner of the room.

There were some books on this table yesterday.

There  will be a pinic in the forest next Friday.

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

Countables and Uncountables

Today, we will study Countables and Uncountables 


Things we cannot count have no indefinite article , and  usually no plural .

e.g 
Ink / water / wood / darkness / butter / cheese / drink / grass  / coffee / sand / rain / air

Remember that only some countables take “a “ or “ an   .Indefinite Articles

e.g     words beginning with consonat:

A dog         a potato     a student     a chair

A pen         a cow          a fish            a room

Words beginning with vowels :

An Englishman    an engine   an eye    an elephant

An Australian       an egg    an apple     an orphan

So, Uncountable nouns , and  countables in the plural are preceded by SomeWhen “ a certain quantity, or number “ is implied.
e,g :
Bread is good for us
it means : all bread, in general.

Give me some bread.
It means: a certain quantity

 “ a or anis used for any one example of a countable noun. The plural of this is some

Somemeans an unknown number of that noun.
E,g:
I
have a  red book; I buy some black books

There is / there areintroduced this idea instead of the simple verb to be.

e.g:  There is a broken chair in the corner of the room.

There were some books on this table yesterday.

There  will be a pinic in the forest next Friday.

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.