Publicaciones de la categoría: clases en grupos y particulares de inglés granollers


con·done Listen to audio/kənˈdoʊn/ verb

con·dones; con·doned; con·don·ing

[+ obj] : to forgive or approve (something that is considered wrong) : to allow (something that is considered wrong) to continue
a government that has been accused of condoning racismoften used in negative statements We cannot condone [=excuse] that kind of behavior.

The Period

The Period

Use a period at the end of a command.

  • Hand in the poster essays no later than noon on Friday.
  • In case of tremors, leave the building immediately.

Use a period at the end of an indirect question.

  • The teacher asked why Maria had left out the easy exercises.
  • My father used to wonder why Egbert’s ears were so big.

Use a period with abbreviations:

    Dr. Espinoza arrived from Washington, D.C., at 6 p.m.

Notice that when the period ending the abbreviation comes at the end of a sentence, it will also suffice to end the sentence. On the other hand, when an abbreviation ends a question or exclamation, it is appropriate to add a question mark or exclamation mark after the abbreviation-ending period:

    Did you enjoy living in Washington, D.C.?

Occasionally, a statement will end with a question. When that happens, it is appropriate to end the sentence with a question mark.

  • We can get to Boston quicker, can’t we, if we take the interstate?
  • His question was, can we end this statement with a question mark?
  • She ended her remarks with a resounding why not?
Acronyms (abbreviations [usually made up of the first letter from a series of words] which we pronounce as words, not a series of letters) usually do not require periods: NATO, NOW, VISTA, LASER, SCUBA, RADAR. Abbreviations we pronounce by spelling out the letters may or may not use periods and you will have to use a dictionary to be sure: FBI, NAACP, NCAA, U.S.A., U.N.I.C.E.F., etc.


con·trib·ute Listen to audio/kənˈtrɪbju:t/ verb

con·trib·utes; con·trib·ut·ed; con·trib·ut·ing

1 : to give (something, such as money, goods, or time) to help a person, group, cause, or organization usually + to or toward [+ obj] He contributed [=donated] 100 dollars to the charity. The volunteers contributed their time towards cleaning up the city. She contributed [=added] little to the discussion. [no obj] We’re trying to raise money for a new school, and we’re hoping that everyone will contribute. He did not contribute to the project.

2 [no obj] : to help to cause something to happen In order for the team to win, everyone has to contribute.usually + to Many players have contributed to the team’s success. Heavy drinking contributed to her death. [=heavy drinking helped to cause her death]

3 : to write (something, such as a story, poem, or essay) for a magazine [+ obj] He contributed many poems to the magazine. [no obj] Ten scientists contributed to the special edition of the journal.

— contributing adjective
The coach’s positive attitude was a contributing factor to/in the team’s success. [=the coach’s positive attitude was a reason for the team’s success] She has been a contributing writer/editor for the magazine for 10 years.
— con·trib·u·tor Listen to audio /kənˈtrɪbjətɚ/ noun, plural con·trib·u·tors [count]
She is a regular/frequent contributor to the magazine. a list of contributors who have donated more than one thousand dollars


iro·ny Listen to audio/ˈaɪrəni/ noun

plural iro·nies

1 [noncount] : the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really think especially in order to be funny 
 a writer known for her clever use of irony  What a beautiful view, he said, his voice dripping withirony, as he looked out the window at the alley.  She described her vacation with heavy irony as an educational experience.  compare sarcasm

2 : a situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what you expected [count]  It was a tragic irony that he made himself sick by worrying so much about his health.  The (awful/bitter) irony is that in trying to forget her, he thought of her even more.  That’s just one of life’s little ironies. [noncount]  The irony of the situation was apparent to everyone.  He has a strong sense of irony.


CAN  is special verbs because has  NO  inflection to show the gender and the number. . In all the persons  IT  will be the same.
e.g  ,  CONJUGATION :     CAN
in all the persons
  I / YOU / WE / THEY       CAN
  In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT   CAN 


account verb accounts; account·ed; account·ing

[+ obj] formal : to think of (someone or something) in a specified way — usually used as (be) accounted Their first project was accounted [=considered] a success.
account for [phrasal verb]

1 account for (something) a : to give a reason or explanation for (something)
Eventually, you will need to account for your actions/behavior. How do you account for [=explain] your success? The informal saying there’s no accounting for taste means that there is no way to understand why some people like something while other people do not.
I don’t see why they liked the movie, but there’s no accounting for taste.

b : to be the cause of (something)
The disease accounted for over 10,000 deaths last year. These new features account for the computer’s higher price. The disease cannot be accounted for [=explained] by genetics alone. There must be other causes as well.
c : to make up or form (a part of something)
Women account for [=constitute, compose] only 25 percent of our employees.
d US : to think about (something) before doing something : to take (something) into consideration
The researchers failed to account for the fact that most of the students were poor.


2 account for (someone or something) a : to show what happened to (someone or something)
We have to account for the time [=to say how much time] we spend on each activity. I’ll have to account for the money I spent. : to know the location of (someone or something) The government couldn’t account for millions of dollars of the taxpayers’ money. Is everyone accounted for? [=do we know where everyone is?] All present and accounted for. [=everyone who is supposed to be here is here]
b : to destroy or kill (someone or something)
Enemy fighters have accounted for most of our bombers, Sir. ; also chiefly Brit : to defeat or beat (someone or something)
We accounted for [=dispatched] the challengers 3–2.


2dream verb

dreams; dreamed Listen to audio/ˈdrɛmt, ˈdri:md/ or dreamt Listen to audio/ˈdrɛmt/; dream·ing

1 : to have visions and thoughts in your sleep : to have a dream while you are sleeping [no obj] — often + of or about He dreamed of drowning and woke up trembling. I have trouble remembering the things I dream about. [+ obj] Last night I dreamed (that) you were here talking to me. Did it really happen or did I just dream it?

2 : to think about something that you wish would happen or something that you want to do or be [no obj] He tends to dream big but he never really does the things he dreams of doing. She stared out the window dreaming. [=daydreaming] You’re dreaming [=you’re completely wrong] if you think being a parent is going to be easy.often + of She spent hours reading love stories and dreaming of romance. They dreamed of success. He dreamed of becoming a teacher. [+ obj] As a child, I always dreamed (that) I would be an astronaut when I grew up. I sat on the porch and dreamed away the day. [=I spent the whole day thinking and dreaming] I never dreamt that it would be so difficult. [=it was much more difficult than I expected it to be]

dream on

informalused to say that you do not think something that another person wants or expects will ever happen I think my band will be famous one day. Dream on.
dream up [phrasal verb]

dream up (something) also dream (something) up : to think of or invent (something) in your mind
He dreams up all sorts of fantastic adventures. She tries a lot of new recipes that she dreams up herself. They dreamed up a plan to get the information.
never/not dream of

used to say that you would never do something or think of doing something I would never dream of asking for more money. Did you ever do anything to hurt her? I wouldn’t dream of it!

Verbs ending in y

a. Verbs ending in y

The English letters a, e, i, o and u aregenerally referred to as vowels. The other English letters are generallyreferred to as consonants.
When a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant,the y is changed to ie before the ending s is added. Ineach of the following examples, the consonant immediately preceding the final yis underlined.
Bare Infinitive
Third Person Singular


-A good cook could cook as much cookiesas a good cook who could cook cookies
I saw a saw that could out saw anyother saw I ever saw.


CAN  is special verbs because has  NO  inflection to show the gender and the number. . In all the persons  IT  will be the same.
e.g  ,  CONJUGATION :     CAN
in all the persons
  I / YOU / WE / THEY       CAN
  In 3º person singular
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