Publicaciones de la categoría: clases de inglés nivel básico

Future and Future perfect

Today, we will study Future and Future perfect  “

  The grammarbook rules for Shalland Will are already antiquated; even the increasingly  popular  use of Going to “ sounds out of place sometimes, althought wishful thinking has tried to make it  the solution to all problems.

Two golden rules :

1 – Beware of the innocent-looking going to “ form

2- When in doubt usewill”.

So: “Going to “

   As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With persons : has meaning of intention or certainty

e.G
He’s going to give me a new one tomorrow.
So you are off to China, are you ? Well , you are going to see some queer things there.

So: “Going to “

As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With things : has meaning of probability or inevitability  in the mind of the speaker.

e.G

Look out ! The tram is going to overturn.
What’s going to happen next ?

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Shall “ in the First Person Singular and Plural

I shall             —        We   shall

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Will “ in others person , Singular and Plural

HE /She / it    will       — singular

 You / they     will       — Plural

 The purest futures are the least personal ones, especially when the future action is made to depend upon some external factor, as with If “  or Whenclauses

Except  in questions , the Willformis very commonly heard for all persons.

So: “Pure future

I shall  know about him from his next letter

We   shall  stay here till you come back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
 

So: “Pure future

HE  will  know about her from her next letter

You  will  stay here till he  comes back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.
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Future and Future perfect

Today, we will study Future and Future perfect  “

  The grammarbook rules for Shalland Will are already antiquated; even the increasingly  popular  use of Going to “ sounds out of place sometimes, althought wishful thinking has tried to make it  the solution to all problems.

Two golden rules :

1 – Beware of the innocent-looking going to “ form

2- When in doubt usewill”.

So: “Going to “

   As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With persons : has meaning of intention or certainty

e.G
He’s going to give me a new one tomorrow.
So you are off to China, are you ? Well , you are going to see some queer things there.

So: “Going to “

As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With things : has meaning of probability or inevitability  in the mind of the speaker.

e.G

Look out ! The tram is going to overturn.
What’s going to happen next ?

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Shall “ in the First Person Singular and Plural

I shall             —        We   shall

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Will “ in others person , Singular and Plural

HE /She / it    will       — singular

 You / they     will       — Plural

 The purest futures are the least personal ones, especially when the future action is made to depend upon some external factor, as with If “  or Whenclauses

Except  in questions , the Willformis very commonly heard for all persons.

So: “Pure future

I shall  know about him from his next letter

We   shall  stay here till you come back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
 

So: “Pure future

HE  will  know about her from her next letter

You  will  stay here till he  comes back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

Future and Future perfect

Today, we will study Future and Future perfect  “

  The grammarbook rules for Shalland Will are already antiquated; even the increasingly  popular  use of Going to “ sounds out of place sometimes, althought wishful thinking has tried to make it  the solution to all problems.

Two golden rules :

1 – Beware of the innocent-looking going to “ form

2- When in doubt usewill”.

So: “Going to “

   As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With persons : has meaning of intention or certainty

e.G
He’s going to give me a new one tomorrow.
So you are off to China, are you ? Well , you are going to see some queer things there.

So: “Going to “

As a future form , it is not a pure futurity .

With things : has meaning of probability or inevitability  in the mind of the speaker.

e.G

Look out ! The tram is going to overturn.
What’s going to happen next ?

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Shall “ in the First Person Singular and Plural

I shall             —        We   shall

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present

So: “Pure future

Normal pure or colourless future is expressed by Will “ in others person , Singular and Plural

HE /She / it    will       — singular

 You / they     will       — Plural

 The purest futures are the least personal ones, especially when the future action is made to depend upon some external factor, as with If “  or Whenclauses

Except  in questions , the Willformis very commonly heard for all persons.

So: “Pure future

I shall  know about him from his next letter

We   shall  stay here till you come back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
 

So: “Pure future

HE  will  know about her from her next letter

You  will  stay here till he  comes back.

It must be tacitly understood that when talking about people, the possibility of wish, will, promise , or intention is always like to be present
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use prefixes.

A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root

Prefix         root                   new word

Dis          +   appear     =          disappear

Re            +  appear     =          reappear

Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Some prefixes have a single, unchanging meaning.

Prefixes Having a Single Meaning

Prefix                Meaning                Example

Bene-                  good                       benefit

Circum             around               circumscribe

Equi                   equal                     equidisntat

Extra-                  outside          extracurricular

Intra                   within             intrastate

Intro                  into                  intospect




Prefix                Meaning                Example

Mal –                   bad                       maltreat

Mis-                    wrong                   misspell

Non –                    not                      nonworking  

Pre –                    before                  predawn

Sub –          under or below              subzero

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use prefixes.

A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root

Prefix         root                   new word

Dis          +   appear     =          disappear

Re            +  appear     =          reappear

Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Some prefixes have a single, unchanging meaning.

Prefixes Having a Single Meaning

Prefix                Meaning                Example

Bene-                  good                       benefit

Circum             around               circumscribe

Equi                   equal                     equidisntat

Extra-                  outside          extracurricular

Intra                   within             intrastate

Intro                  into                  intospect




Prefix                Meaning                Example

Mal –                   bad                       maltreat

Mis-                    wrong                   misspell

Non –                    not                      nonworking  

Pre –                    before                  predawn

Sub –          under or below              subzero

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Prefixes “

“Prefixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use prefixes.

A prefix: is one or two more syllables palced in front of  a root word to change the meaning of the root

Prefix         root                   new word

Dis          +   appear     =          disappear

Re            +  appear     =          reappear

Pre          +   appear     =          preappear

Some prefixes have a single, unchanging meaning.

Prefixes Having a Single Meaning

Prefix                Meaning                Example

Bene-                  good                       benefit

Circum             around               circumscribe

Equi                   equal                     equidisntat

Extra-                  outside          extracurricular

Intra                   within             intrastate

Intro                  into                  intospect




Prefix                Meaning                Example

Mal –                   bad                       maltreat

Mis-                    wrong                   misspell

Non –                    not                      nonworking  

Pre –                    before                  predawn

Sub –          under or below              subzero

 

I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.

You can follow me on :

See ya.

“Adjective Suffixes “

  “Adjective Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
An Adjective suffixWhen you add these suffixes to a root , you change the root to an adjective. You also change the meaning of the root

Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Full of  “
Suffix          Example              Meaning
 –ous            furious                 full of fury
   
 -ose            verbose        wordy / full of words
 
acious       vivacious      full of vivacity

ful                harmful      full of harm  



Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Relating to  “  orPertaining to
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –al               musical                 relating to music
   
 –ant             triumphant        relating to triumph 
ic                   heroic                  pertaining to  hero
ical             economical   pertaining to economy
ative           talkative         relating to talk
ish               childish          relating to a child
ive                active              pertaining to action

   Adjective suffixes  Mean What they say
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –able               readable                 able to be read 
   
 –ible             convertible            able to be converted 
most                topmost              being at the very top
less               senseless                  without sense 
like                 lifelike                   like life 
REMEMBER !!!!!!
CHANGE OF SUFFIX  =    CHANGE  IN MEANING
                              –IBLE = SENSIBLE
SENSE                 LESS = SENSELESS
                              – ITIVE = SENSITIVE


I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 


“Adjective Suffixes “

  “Adjective Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
An Adjective suffixWhen you add these suffixes to a root , you change the root to an adjective. You also change the meaning of the root

Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Full of  “
Suffix          Example              Meaning
 –ous            furious                 full of fury
   
 -ose            verbose        wordy / full of words
 
acious       vivacious      full of vivacity

ful                harmful      full of harm  



Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Relating to  “  orPertaining to
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –al               musical                 relating to music
   
 –ant             triumphant        relating to triumph 
ic                   heroic                  pertaining to  hero
ical             economical   pertaining to economy
ative           talkative         relating to talk
ish               childish          relating to a child
ive                active              pertaining to action

   Adjective suffixes  Mean What they say
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –able               readable                 able to be read 
   
 –ible             convertible            able to be converted 
most                topmost              being at the very top
less               senseless                  without sense 
like                 lifelike                   like life 
REMEMBER !!!!!!
CHANGE OF SUFFIX  =    CHANGE  IN MEANING
                              –IBLE = SENSIBLE
SENSE                 LESS = SENSELESS
                              – ITIVE = SENSITIVE


I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 


“Adjective Suffixes “

  “Adjective Suffixes

One way to increase your vocabulary is to learn to reoganize and to use suffixes.
An Adjective suffixWhen you add these suffixes to a root , you change the root to an adjective. You also change the meaning of the root

Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Full of  “
Suffix          Example              Meaning
 –ous            furious                 full of fury
   
 -ose            verbose        wordy / full of words
 
acious       vivacious      full of vivacity

ful                harmful      full of harm  



Adjective suffixes  Mean “ Relating to  “  orPertaining to
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –al               musical                 relating to music
   
 –ant             triumphant        relating to triumph 
ic                   heroic                  pertaining to  hero
ical             economical   pertaining to economy
ative           talkative         relating to talk
ish               childish          relating to a child
ive                active              pertaining to action

   Adjective suffixes  Mean What they say
Suffix                      Example                                            Meaning
 –able               readable                 able to be read 
   
 –ible             convertible            able to be converted 
most                topmost              being at the very top
less               senseless                  without sense 
like                 lifelike                   like life 
REMEMBER !!!!!!
CHANGE OF SUFFIX  =    CHANGE  IN MEANING
                              –IBLE = SENSIBLE
SENSE                 LESS = SENSELESS
                              – ITIVE = SENSITIVE


I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya. 


“Rules of irregular Verbs “

The past tense form is used alone ( finite verb ). 
Group . 3 – Another group of  irregular verbs are those  that add  / N / or / EN /  to  the past form  to make  the past participle.
Present                                          Past             PAST  PARTICIPLE
Bear                                                 Bore                 BORN
Beat                                                  beat                  BEATEN
Bite                                                   Bit                     BITTEN
Break                                               broke                BROKEN
Choose                                           Chose                 CHOSEN
Freeze                                            Froze                   FROZEN 
Speak                                            Spoke                  SPOKEN
Steal                                              stole                      STOLEN
Swear                                           Swore                    SWORN
Tear                                              Tore                       TORN

Wear                                            wore                        WORN


THE AUXILIARY VERB “ TO DO “ in the past  in negative

in all the persons
  I / YOU / WE / THEY       Did not
In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT   Did  not

PRONUNCIATION
The diphthongs , / OI /  OY  /   
These diphthongs offer no difficulties ; both are always  pronounce  oi /
   Oil            boil            boy           joy               choice       coin          point          soil          enjoy             noise
Except :  choir  is pronounced /  ‘kwaɪəʳ  /      coro
I’m your Personal English Coach in Granollers, Barcelona.
You can follow me on :

See ya.