Publicaciones de la categoría: clases de inglés buisness english en granollers

The Question Mark

Use a question mark [ ? ] at the end of a direct question. It is considered bad form to use a question mark in combination with other marks, although that is often done in informal prose in an attempt to convey complex tones: He told you what!? That combination (or similar combination) of punctuation marks is sometimes called an interrobang, but the interrobang currently has no role in academic prose.*

A tag question is a device used to turn a statement into a question. It nearly always consists of a pronoun, a helping verb, and sometimes the word not. Although it begins as a statement, the tag question prevails when it comes to the end-mark: use a question mark. Notice that when the statement is positive, the tag question is expressed in the negative; when the statement is negative, the tag question is positive. (There are a few exceptions to this, frequently expressing an element of surprise or sarcasm: “So you’ve made your first million, have you?” “Oh, that’s your plan, is it?”)

The following are more typical tag questions:He should quit smoking, shouldn’t he?
He shouldn’t have quit his diet, should he?
They’re not doing very well, are they?
He finished on time, didn’t he?
She does a beautiful job, doesn’t she?
Harold may come along, mightn’t he?
There were too many people on the dock, weren’t there?
(Be careful of this last one; it’s not “weren’t they?”)

Be careful not to put a question mark at the end of an indirect question.
The instructor asked the students what they were doing.
I asked my sister if she had a date.
I wonder if Cheney will run for vice president again.
I wonder whether Cheney will run again.

Be careful to distinguish between an indirect question (above), and a question that is embedded within a statement which we do want to end with a question mark.


We can get to Boston quicker, can’t we, if we take the interstate?
His question was, can we end this statement with a question mark?
She ended her remarks with a resounding why not?
I wonder: will Cheney run for office again?

Put a question mark at the end of a sentence that is, in fact, a direct question. (Sometimes writers will simply forget.) Rhetorical questions (asked when an answer is not really expected), by the way, are questions and deserve to end with a question mark:

How else should we end them, after all?
What if I said to you, “You’ve got a real problem here”? (Notice that the question mark here comes after the quotation mark and there is no period at the end of the statement.)

Sometimes a question will actually end with a series of brief questions. When that happens, especially when the brief questions are more or less follow-up questions to the main question, each of the little questions can begin with a lowercase letter and end with a question mark.

Who is responsible for executing the plan? the coach? the coaching staff? the players?

If a question mark is part of an italicized or underlined title, make sure that the question mark is also italicized:

My favorite book is Where Did He Go?

(Do not add a period after such a sentence that ends with the title’s question mark. The question mark will also suffice to end the sentence.) If the question mark is not part of a sentence-ending title, don’t italicize the question mark:

Did he sing the French national anthem, la Marseillaise?

When a question ends with an abbreviation, end the abbreviation with a period and then add the question mark.

Would everyone in the room who hasn’t received an ID card please move to the front of the line.

Didn’t he use to live in Washington, D.C.?
When a question constitutes a polite request, it is usually not followed by a question mark. This becomes more true as the request becomes longer and more complex:

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PRONUNCIATION

PRONUNCIATION
LONG DIPHTHONGAL    A “ — SE PRONUNCIA EN ESPAÑOL     EI “
Name                   tame                 lame             shape              came                  plate  
Made                   fame                 cave               cane               same                  lake
Gave                     wave               safe                 slate               brave                  grape
Game                  shade                save                skate              brake                  shame

CAN

GRAMMAR
CAN  is special verbs because has  NO  inflection to show the gender and the number. . In all the persons  IT  will be the same.
e.g  ,  CONJUGATION :     CAN
VERB:  CAN
in all the persons
  I / YOU / WE / THEY       CAN
  In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT   CAN 
This is called INDICATIVE MOOD IN PRESENT TENSES.

account

account verb accounts; account·ed; account·ing

[+ obj] formal : to think of (someone or something) in a specified way — usually used as (be) accounted Their first project was accounted [=considered] a success.
 
account for [phrasal verb]

1 account for (something) a : to give a reason or explanation for (something)
Eventually, you will need to account for your actions/behavior. How do you account for [=explain] your success? The informal saying there’s no accounting for taste means that there is no way to understand why some people like something while other people do not.
I don’t see why they liked the movie, but there’s no accounting for taste.

b : to be the cause of (something)
The disease accounted for over 10,000 deaths last year. These new features account for the computer’s higher price. The disease cannot be accounted for [=explained] by genetics alone. There must be other causes as well.
c : to make up or form (a part of something)
Women account for [=constitute, compose] only 25 percent of our employees.
d US : to think about (something) before doing something : to take (something) into consideration
The researchers failed to account for the fact that most of the students were poor.

 

2 account for (someone or something) a : to show what happened to (someone or something)
We have to account for the time [=to say how much time] we spend on each activity. I’ll have to account for the money I spent. : to know the location of (someone or something) The government couldn’t account for millions of dollars of the taxpayers’ money. Is everyone accounted for? [=do we know where everyone is?] All present and accounted for. [=everyone who is supposed to be here is here]
b : to destroy or kill (someone or something)
Enemy fighters have accounted for most of our bombers, Sir. ; also chiefly Brit : to defeat or beat (someone or something)
We accounted for [=dispatched] the challengers 3–2.

prioritize

pri·or·i·tize also Brit pri·or·i·tise Listen to audio/praɪˈorəˌtaɪz/ verb
 

pri·or·i·tiz·es; pri·or·i·tized; pri·or·i·tiz·ing

1 : to organize (things) so that the most important thing is done or dealt with first [+ obj] It’s always difficult to prioritize work, school, and family. [no obj] If you want to do your job efficiently, you have to learn to prioritize.

2 [+ obj] : to make (something) the most important thing in a group
The town council hopes to prioritize the bridge construction project at the next meetin

Verbs ending in y

a. Verbs ending in y

The English letters a, e, i, o and u aregenerally referred to as vowels. The other English letters are generallyreferred to as consonants.
When a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant,the y is changed to ie before the ending s is added. Ineach of the following examples, the consonant immediately preceding the final yis underlined.
Bare Infinitive
Third Person Singular
study
studies
fly
flies
carry
carries

TONGUE TWISTER

1.      TONGUE TWISTER
-A good cook could cook as much cookiesas a good cook who could cook cookies
___________________________________________________
I saw a saw that could out saw anyother saw I ever saw.

INFLECTIONS OF VERBS

GRAMMAR
The verbs have inflection to show the gender and the number. In all the persons will be the same, except in the 3º person singular that we must add , “S “, OR “ ES “
e.g  ,  CONJUGATION :     to speak
VERB: TO SPEAK
in all the persons
I / YOU / WE / THEY       SPEAK
In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT  SPEAKS
VERB : TO COME
in all the persons
I / YOU / WE / THEY       COME
In 3º person singular
SHE / HE / IT  COMES
This is called INDICATIVE MOOD IN PRESENT TENSES.

INFRASTRUCTURE

in·fra·struc·ture Listen to audio/ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌkɚ/ noun
 

plural in·fra·struc·tures

: the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly [noncount] More money is needed to save the crumbling infrastructure of the nation’s rural areas. We need to spend more money on maintaining and repairing infrastructure. [count] town/city infrastructures
— in·fra·struc·tur·al Listen to audio /ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌkərəl/ adjective
infrastructural maintenance and repair

PHRASAL VERBS – COME

come Listen to audio/ˈkʌm/ verb comes; came Listen to audio/ˈkeɪm/; come; com·ing


 

come up [phrasal verb]

1 : to move near to someone or something : to approach someone or something
He came (right) up (to me) and introduced himself.

 

2 a : to be mentioned or thought of
That issue never came up. [=arose] A question has come up about the budget. I was surprised when his name came up as a possible candidate for the job.
b : to occur in usually a sudden or unexpected way
She seems to be ready to deal with any problem that may come up. [=arise] Something has come up and I won’t be able to attend the meeting. We need to be ready to take action if an opportunity comes up.

 

3 of the sun or moon : to become visible in the sky : to rise
She was already awake when the sun came up.

 

4 of a plant : to first appear above the ground
in the spring, when the daffodils and tulips are coming up

 

5 : to finish in a specified condition or state
I flipped the coin and it came up heads/tails. The shot came up short. [=the shot did not go far enough]

 

6 : to move up in rank or status
an officer who came up from/through the ranks [=who started as an ordinary soldier and rose to become an officer]

 

7 Something that is coming up will happen soon or will appear soon.
With the election coming up, both candidates are spending all their time on the campaign trail. Our interview with the mayor is coming (right) up after this commercial. I’d like a turkey sandwich and a glass of lemonade, please. Coming right up! [=the sandwich and lemonade will be served to you very quickly]

 
come up against [phrasal verb]

come up against (something) : to be stopped or slowed by (something)
The proposal has come up against some opposition. [=there is some opposition to the proposal]
come up empty

: to fail to get or find something or someone
The police searched the area for clues but came up empty. [=they did not find any clues]
 
come upon

[phrasal verb] somewhat formal

1 come upon (someone or something) : to meet or find (someone or something) by chance
As they turned the corner, they came upon an unexpected scene. While researching the town’s history, she came upon some surprising new information about its first mayor.

 

2 come upon (someone) of a feeling : to affect (someone) suddenly
An urge to travel suddenly came upon him. [=he suddenly felt an urge to travel]

 
come up to [phrasal verb]

come up to (something) : to be as good as (something)
The movie didn’t come up to our expectations. [=was not as good as we expected it to be]
come up with [phrasal verb
 
come up with (something) : to get or think of (something that is needed or wanted)
We finally came up with a solution (to our problem). He came up with an interesting new method of improving the factory’s efficiency. He’ll be in a lot of trouble if he doesn’t come up with the money he owes.
come what may

: regardless of what happens
He promised to support her, come what may.

easy come, easy go

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