THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
The present participle of all the verbs is formed by adding ( ING ) TO the root of the
To read —— reading to speak —— speaking
To study —— studying to listen —— listening
To say —– saying to run — running
To look —– looking to give —— giving
Also, we place before the present participle ( ING ) the verb to Be.
The function of the present participle in this case is as a GERUND.