list of transitive and intransitive verbs
List of transitive and intransitive verbs Definition
Intransitive verb – In many languages, there are ‘ambitransitive’ verbs, which can be either transitive or intransitive. For example, English play is ambitransitive (both intransitive and transitive …..
In the Romance languages, these verbs are often called pseudo-reflexive, because they are signaled in the same way as reflexive verbs, using the clitic particle se. Compare the following (in Spanish):
(3a) La taza se rompió. (“The cup broke.”)
(3b) El barco se hundió. (“The boat sank.”)
(4a) Ella se miró en el espejo. (“She looked at herself in the mirror.”)
(4b) El gato se lava. (“The cat washes itself.”)
examples include : read, break, and understand
(e.g. “I read the book,”
saying what was read, or just
“I read all afternoon”).
Ergative verb – In linguistics, an ergative verb is a verb that can be either transitive or intransitive, and whose subject when intransitive corresponds to its direct object when transitive. In English, most verbs can be used intransitively, but ordinarily this does not change the role of the subject;..
Ergative verbs can be divided into several categories:
• Verbs suggesting a change of state — break, burst, form, heal, melt, tear, transform
• Verbs of cooking — bake, boil, cook, fry
• Verbs of movement — move, shake, sweep, turn, walk
• Verbs involving vehicles — drive, fly, reverse, run, sail
• You should roast the meat at 200 degrees centigrade.
The meat was roasting in a hot oven.
• I always defrost meat before I cook it.
I am waiting for the meat to defrost.
• Melt the chocolate and pour it over the ice cream.
The chocolate was melting in a pan.
Accusative verb – An accusative verb is a verb that can be used transitively or intransitively, with the subject of the transitive verb becoming the argument of the intransitive verb. Some examples in English are eat, see, win…
Intransitive verb – In grammar, an intransitive verb does not take an object. In more technical terms, an intransitive verb has only one argument (its subject), and hence has a valency of one. For example, in English, the verbs sleep and die, are intransitive. Some verbs, such as smell are both transitive..
a ditransitive verb is a verb which takes a subject and two objects. According to certain linguistics considerations, these objects may be called direct and indirect, or primary and secondary. This is in contrast to monotransitive verbs, which take only one, direct, object.
English has a number of generally ditransitive verbs, such as give, grant, and tell and many transitive verbs that can take an additional argument (commonly a beneficiary or target of the action), such as pass, read, bake, etc.:
He gave Mary ten dollars.
He passed Paul the ball.
Jean read him the books.
She is baking him a cake.
English grammar allows for these sentences to be written alternately with a preposition (to or for):
He gave ten dollars to Mary.
He passed the ball to Paul.
Jean read the books to/for him.
She is baking a cake for him., etc.
A monotransitive verb is a verb that takes two arguments: a subject and a single direct object. For example, the verbs buy, bite, break, and eat are monotransitive in English
• Yesterday, I bought a cat.
• The cat bit me!
• He broke the toothpick.
• The chef ate his own watermelon soup.